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“解锁”新职业,谁在快充电?

2019-07-30 11:19:11 来源:福德彩票网站_福德正彩票官网_主页 人民日报海外版

  renminribaohaiwaibanjizhe lijie

  congshuzihuaguanlishi、dianzijingjiyuan,daowangyuepeisongyuan、quanmeitiyunyingshi,zaidaohulianwangyingxiaoshi、zaixianxuexifudecaipiaowangzhanshi,zi2019nian4yueyilai,zhongguoyiyou3pigong38gexinzhiye“guaguazhuidi”,buduanshuaxinchuantong“zhiyebantu”。xinzhiyeyifangmianhuyingzhepengbozengzhangdeshichangxuqiu,lingyifangmianyeduijiuyezhedelaodongjinengtichuxinyaoqiu。

  jiuyeshichangshang,naxierenmiaozhunlexinzhiye?sheizaikuaisuchongdianxuexi?naxielingyushidaremen?riqian,renliziyuanheshehuibaozhangbuzhongguojiuyepeixunjishuzhidaozhongxinlianhealibabadingdingfabu《xinzhiyezaixianxuexipingtaifazhanbaogao》,jieshilebufentujing。

  新职业上演“抢人”大战

  ——90%以上企业希望新职业带来发展新动力,96%以上职场人希望学习新职业

  “zhiqian,fudecaipiaowangzhanjingchangzaimianshizhongzhijiebeijujue。houlai,zaiwangshanglejiedaoshuzihuaguanlishizheigexinzhiye,mashangbaomingcanjiaxuexi。”21suidexiahao,jiuduyuzhongqingjiaotongzhiyexueyuandashujuxueyuanwulianwangzhuanye,xianzaishiyimingshuzihuaguanlishi。zaidaxueshengjiuyeshuangxuanhuizhong,tatongshishoudao3jiagongsideyaoyue。

  tiqizijideyingpinjingli,xiahaozhihumeixiangdao: “yiqianzhaogongzuozhudongquanzaiqiye,erxianzaizhudongquanzaifudecaipiaowangzhanziji,fudecaipiaowangzhankeyiduigongzuojinxingduibitiaoxuan。shuzihuaguanlishijiyufudecaipiaowangzhandechulezhuanyedeshuzihuaguanlijingyanhegengduodegongzuojihui,gengzhongyaodeshizengjialefudecaipiaowangzhanmianduiqiyeshidezixinxin。”

  zaijintiandejiuyeshichang,xuduorenxiangxiahaoyiyang,tongguoxuexitisheng,qiaomiaojiezhuxinzhiyedejiyudakaijiuyexinkongjian。《xinzhiyezaixianxuexipingtaifazhanbaogao》xianshi,xinzhiyegongxushichangjinqiao,96%yishangdezhichangrenxiwangxuexixinzhiye。qizhong,tishengzhiyefazhankongjian、zhangwoxinjineng、weiweilaizuozhunbei,chengweizhichangrenshixuexixinzhiyedezhuyaodongyin。

  zheibeihou,xinzhiyejudadeshichangxuqiu“gongbukemei”。2019nian,renshebudeng3bumenlianhefabu13gexinzhiye,bingsuihouluxufabugezhiyejiuyejingqixianzhuangfenxibaogao,shoupi13gexinzhiyeweilai5nianrencaixuqiuguimodangejunchaobaiwan。zaixinzhiyejiuyeshuangxuanhuishang,“qiangren”dazhandechangmianbushishangyan。

  liru,rengongzhinengrencaimuqianquekouchaoguo500wan,guoneigongqiubiliwei1∶10,ruguobujiaqiangrencaipeiyang,dao2025nianrencaiquekoujiangtupo1000wan;weilai5nian,wulianwangxingyerencaixuqiuquekouzongliangchaoguo1600wanren;dashujugongchengjishurenyuansuozaidedashujuxingye,yuji2020nianrencaixuqiuguimojiangda210wan,qie2025nianqianrengjiangbaochi30%~40%dezengsu,xuqiuzongliangzai2000wanrenzuoyou……

  qiyedexianshixuqiuyeshiguanjianyinsu。baogaoxianshi,90%yishangdeqiyexiwangtongguoxinzhiyepeixun,tishengyuangongchengzhangkongjian,jiqiyezhuruxindongli。yixinzhiyeshuzihuaguanlishiweili,renshebuxiangguanjiuyejingqixianzhuangfenxibaogaoxianshi,87.23%deshuzihuaguanlishixinzishidangdipingjungongzide1-3bei,anzhao10∶1debilipeibeishuzihuaguanlishideqiye,bimeiyoushuzihuaguanlishideqiyegongzuoxiaolvgaochu35%-50%。xinzhiyeshuzihuaguanlishidedanshengchengweigerenzhiyefazhanheqiyeshuzihuazhuanxingdezhongyaozhuashou。

  “xinzhiyechuangzaolefeichangdadejiuyezengliang,yetigaolejiuyezhiliang,bixujixucujinxinjiuyexingtaihelinghuojiuyedefazhan。”guojiaxinxizhongxinfenxiangjingjiyanjiuzhongxinfuzhurenyufengxiashuo。

  数字化技能受到追捧

  ——“00hou”pianaidianzijingjiyunyingshi,“60hou”pianainongyejingliren,95%shoufangzherenweixuexixinzhiyeshizouchuzhiyeweijideguanjianyinsu

  rujin,xinzhiyedezhongyaoxingriyituxian,danzhiqianrenmentashangxinzhiyezhiludeguochengbujinxiangtong。

  luchenglongshiguoneizuizaoyipidianzijingjiyunyingshi,tashuo: “zaidaxueshiqi,fudecaipiaowangzhanjiuhetongxuemenzuchengyeyuduiwu,qucanjiaguoneidedianjingbisai。dangzuozaibisaitaishangdeshihou,jiuhuifaxian,dianzijingjibisaineizhongjiqingpengpai、wanqiangbufushudejingjijingshenyijizuizhonghuodeguanjundexiyue,wanquanbuyayuchuantongdetiyuxiangmu。”reqinghezhuanye,rangtazaizheitiaolushangyuezouyueyuan。

  erlaizihubeishengenshitujiazumiaozuzizhizhoulaifengxiandexianghui,zeshiourantaruxinzhiye。2011nianfanxiangchuangyedexianghuicanjialexinzhiyenongyejinglirendepeixunxuexi。jingyingguanlinenglitigaole,nongyejishuzhishigengfengfule,tachuangbandenongyuanguoshuzhuanyehezuosheyuebanyueda,chanzhibuduanxiangqiantupo,haidaidongzhoubiannongminzengshouzhifu,tabenrenyechengweiyimingbuzhebukoudenongyejingliren。

  jintian,xinzhiyemianmujianqingxi,qianjingminglang,xiyinlenaxierenlaixuexi?

  6yuedi,dingdingpingtaizhenduixinzhiyexuexiquntijinxingchouyangdiaocha,miaomochulezheibufenrenqundetezheng。

  sheizaixue?“80hou”、“90hou”chengweixinzhiyedeshichangzhulijun,zhanbi83%。benke、zhuankexuelichengweixinzhiyexuexizhuti,zhanbi74%。qizhong,hulianwang/xinxijishu、zhizaoye、fudecaipiaowangzhanyexuexixinzhiyerenshuzuiduo。zhidezhuyideshi,95%derenrenweixuexixinzhiye、tishengzishenfazhanqianlishizouchuzhiyeweijideguanjianyinsu。

  xueshenme?shuzihuaguanlishi、wurenjijiashiyuan、rengongzhinenggongchengjishurenyuan、nongyejingliren、wulianwanggongchengjishurenyuanshiyonghuzuixiangxuexidexinzhiye。qizhong,“60hou”pianainongyejingliren,“00hou”pianaidianzijingjiyunyingshi。

  zainaerxue?congdiyukan,guangdong、zhejiang、beijing、henan、shandong、shanxi、jiangsu、shanghai、hebei、hubei、sichuanxuexixinzhiyerenshuzuiduo,xinzhiyeweichengshifazhanzhuruxindongneng,cuishengyuelaiyueduo“xinjiuyechengshi”dansheng。

  zaigongyehexinxihuabujiaoyuyukaoshizhongxinzhurenmaqiangkanlai,jijishiyingxiangguanxingyedefazhanxianzhuang,jinkuaijiejueriyituxianderencaigongxumaodun,shituidongxingyefazhandedangwuzhiji。

  在线学习助力“职业自由”

  ——xianshangxuexixinzhiyejianchengshichangzhuliu,xinzhiyezaixianxuexipingtaijihuayinianneipeiyangchaobaiwanshuzihuaxinxingrencai

  xiangbiguoqu“ganyixingaiyixing”,rujin,nianqingrendejiuyeguanyezhengfashengbianhua。baogaozhichu,“zhiyeziyou”chengweinianqingrenzhuiqiudegongzuofangshi。zhiyeziyou,jizhichangrenshizhangwoduozhongzhiyejineng,juyouzeyezhudongquan,kexuanzezhiyechaoguoliangzhongyishang。

  实现“职业自由”,如何扶一把?

  riqian,renshebuzhongguojiuyepeixunjishuzhidaozhongxinhealidingdinglianhetuichuxinzhiyezaixianxuexipingtai。zheishiquanguoshoujiazhuanzhuyuxinzhiyeshuziziyuanpeixundexianshangfudecaipiaowangzhanpingtai,tigongshenfenrenzheng、zaixianxuexi、zaixiankaohe、xuexijiludaochu、dianzipeixunzhengshudenggongneng,kemanzuxueyuan、peixunjigou、qiyezuzhidengyonghudexuqiu,kuaisutuijinxinzhiyerencaipeiyanggongzuo。

  diaochaxianshi,72%deyonghuxuanzexianshangxuexixinzhiye,yidongzaixianxuexichengweishichangzhuliu。xinzhiyezaixianxuexipingtaidaposhijianhekongjiandexianzhi,jihuayinianneipeiyangchaoguobaiwanshuzihuaxinxingrencai。

  julejie,shoupishuzihuaguanlishi、rengongzhinenggongchengjishurenyuan、dianzijingjiyunyingshi、nongyejinglirendeng13gexinzhiyeyiwanchengpeixunziyuanshangxiangongzuo,xiangguanrenyuandoukeyizaipingtaixianshangxuexi、peixun、kaoshi,bingkehuodedianzipeixunzhengshu。dierpigongyinglianguanlishi、wangyuepeisongyuan、rengongzhinengxunlianshi、quanmeitiyunyingshi、jiankangzhaohushideng15gexinzhiyeyeyiqidongpeixunziyuanshangxianzhunbeigongzuo。lingwai,zuixinfabudebaokuoqukuailiangongchengjishurenyuan、hulianwangyingxiaoshidengzaineidedisanpi9gexinzhiye,yekaishiqidongshangxianzhunbei。

  tongshi,jinengleixinzhiyedeguojiazhiyebiaozhunhejinengdengjirendinggongzuozhengzaijinluomigutuijinzhong。muqian,nongyejinglirenhegongyejiqirenxitongyunweiyuandeguojiazhiyejinengbiaozhunyibanbu。qitajinengleixinzhiyedejinengbiaozhunkaifagongzuoyilieru《guojiazhiyejinengbiaozhunzhidinggongzuojihua(2020-2022nian)》,yujinianneijibenwancheng。

  “xinzhiyezaixianxuexipingtaiweimanzuguominzhongshenxuexixuqiuyijilaodongzhejinengtishenghezhuanhuantigonglepingtaihezaiti,jiangduiguojiawenjiuye、baojiuyeqidaozhongyaozuoyong。”zhongguorenmindaxuelaodongrenshixueyuanyuanzhangyangweiguobiaoshi。shoudoujingmaodaxuelaodongjingjixueyuanfujiaoshou、zhongguoxinjiuyexingtaiyanjiuzhongxinzhurenzhangchenggangrenwei,zheishizhongguozhiyejinengtishengjichunenglifudecaipiaowangzhandezhongdatupo,kanchengrenliziyuanyujiuyelingyu、zhiyejinengtishenglingyude“xinjijian”。

  duiyucongyerenyuaneryan,zheiyeshizhongdalihao。zhaoxiaolongzaizhongqingyijiagongsibim(jianzhuxinximoxingjishu)zhongxindanrenfuzhuren,tashuo: “ruhejiezhubimzaigongchengxiangmuzhongshixianquanguocheng、quanzhuanye、quanyewudejingxihua、jiyuehuaguanli,ruhezaigengjiayouhuadefudecaipiaowangzhantouzixia,anquan、gaoxiaofudecaipiaowangzhanmeilijiayuan,shizhidefudecaipiaowangzhanweizhifendoudeketi。”xinzhiyezaixianxuexipingtaiweixuduoxiangtazheiyangdecongyezhetigonglechixudexuexikongjian。

编辑: 郑鑫

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