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创新培养模式 培育高质英才

2019-07-28 14:58:40 来源:福德彩票网站_福德正彩票官网_主页 中国教育报

  创新培养模式 培育高质英才

  武昌首义学院OBE人才培养模式改革探索

  yingyongxinggaoxiaotuidonggaosuzhiyingyongxingrencaipeiyang、jijitansuobingshijianyingyongxingrencaipeiyangdefazhanlujing,shiguancheluoshixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangdebiranyaoqiu。wuchangshouyixueyuanchuangbanzhichu,jiquedingle“gaosuzhiyingyongxing”rencaipeiyangdingwei,20nianbanxuezhixiaolichengzhong,yizhizaitansuopeiyangjuyouchuangxinnenglidegaosuzhiyingyongxingrencaidedaolushangfenjiqianxing。

  2016nian,xuexiaochaoqianguojiaxiangguanbushu,zaitongleiyuanxiaozhonglvxiantuijin“xueshengzhongxin、chengguodaoxiang、chixugaijin”deobemoshirencaipeiyang,tansuochuleyitaoshihezishenxuekezhuanyefudecaipiaowangzhanhekechengtixitedianderencaipeiyangxinmoshi——chanchudaoxiang(obe)moshi。

  引入先进理念 推动教学持续改进

  jiyuobedegongchengjiaoyuzhuanyerenzhengzunxun3gejibenlinian: chengguodaoxiang、yixueshengweizhongxin、chixugaijin。zheixielinianduiyindaohecujinzhuanyefudecaipiaowangzhanyujiaoxuegaige、baozhanghetigaogongchengjiaoyurencaipeiyangzhiliangzhiguanzhongyao,tebieshiyongchengguodaoxiangdejiaoyulinianyindaojiaoyugaige,juyouzhongyaoxianshiyiyi。

  chuangxintansuo chaoqiangaige obezuoweiyizhongxianjindejiaoyulinian,yu1981nianyouspadydengrentichuhou,henkuaidedaozhongshiyurenke,bingyichengweimeiguo、yingguo、jianadadengguojiajiaoyugaigedezhuliulinian。meiguogongchengjiaoyurenzhengxiehui(a-bet)quanmianjieshouleobelinian,bingjiangqiguanchuanyugongchengjiaoyurenzhengbiaozhunshizhong。2016nian6yue,zhongguozhengshijiaru《huashengdunxieyi》,juyouguojishizhidengxiaodegongchengjiaoyuzhuanyerenzhenglakaiweimu。wuchangshouyixueyuanjishigenjin,goujianobemoshirencaipeiyangtixi,mubiaojiushizaijutigongzuozhongyongdachengdupingjiatuidongkechenggaijin,gaigejiaoxuefangfa,jinerjianlizhangxiaojizhibingtuidongchixugaijin。zheixianggaigeshiyigexitonghuagongcheng,gengshiyicijuyouqianzhanxingdechuangxintansuo。

  hangshijichu chengxiaokeqi oberencaipeiyangmoshigoujianshixuexiaochixutigaorencaipeiyangzhiliangdeneizaixuqiu,tuijinoberencaipeiyangmoshijuyoufengwodegaigeturang。zuoweiyisuodingweiyugaosuzhiyingyongxingrencaipeiyangdebenkegaoxiao,wuchangshouyixueyuangaoduzhongshixueshengshijiannenglipeiyang,bingyijinxingduolunshencengcigaige。

  2006nian,xuexiaoyi“hangshijichu、chongshineihan、qianghuazeren、tigaozhiliang”weizhidaosixiang,tuijinshijianjiaoxuetixigaige;2009nianyi“shenhuashijianjiaoxuegaige,peiyanggaosuzhiyingyongxingrencai”weizhuti,jinkou《putonggaodengxuexiaobenkezhuanyeleijiaoxuezhiliangguojiabiaozhun》,tilianzhuanyehexinnengli,zaigoujiangezhuanyehexinnenglitixijichushangxiudingrencaipeiyangjihua,goujianyingyongxingrencaipeiyangtixi;2016niantichuweirao“youhuaxuekezhuanyejiegouherencaipeiyangjizhi,peiyanggaosuzhibenkeyingyongxingrencai”,yi“anobemoshigoujianjiaoxuetixigongzuo”weizhuashou,duiyingyongxingrencaipeiyangtixijinxingzifudecaipiaowangzhanpingjiahewanshan,angaobiaozhuntuijingaosuzhiyingyongxingrencaipeiyang。

  厘清改革思路 教育提质纵深推进

  duiyuwuchangshouyixueyuanlaishuo,obegongzuobujinshituidongzhuanyefudecaipiaowangzhandeshouduan,gengshijiaoyunenglihejiaoyuzhiliangtishengdejichuxingzaizaogongcheng。oberencaipeiyangtixigoujianguochengzhong,xuexiaotongguoquanyuanxuexi、zhuantipeixun、shidianyinlu、zhuanjiazhidao、jishizongjie、chixugaijin,buduantansuotuijingaigegongzuo。

  zhuanjiazhidao shidianlinghang quanguogongchengjiaoyuzhuanyerenzhengzhuanjia、xuexiaochangwufuxiaozhang、jidianxueyuanyuanzhangwuchanglinlvxianchuifan,jixiedianzigongcheng、zidonghua、dianqigongchengdeng3gezhuanyexianxingshidian,yangeanzhaogongchengjiaoyuzhuanyerenzhengbiyeyaoqiudachengdupingjiashiertiao,tuichuobegongzuodiyikuai“shiyantian”。3geshidianzhuanyejingguoyiduanshijiandemosuozongjie,mianxiangquanxiaotigongleyitaowanzhengkecaozuodefangfa。suihou,anzhao“zhengquedingwei、buzouwanlu、yaodingmubiao、wenbutuijin”shiliuzifangzhen,quanmianqidongquanxiaoobemoshijiaoxuetixigoujiangongzuo。guangbodianshixuedeng13gezhuanye,《daxueyingyu》deng5menkechengbeilieweishoupiobegongzuoshidianzhuanye(kecheng)。

  chanchudaoxiang nengliweizhong gongkezhuanyeangongchengjiaoyuzhuanyerenzhengbiyeyaoqiutuijingaige。zaiwenkezhuanyerenzhenghaiweixingchengtongyipingjiazhibiaodeqingkuangxia,guangbodianshixuezhuanyelvxiangenjuheec9tiaobiaozhunzhidingbiyeyaoqiudachengdupingjiazhibiaotixi,jiangzhuanyebiyeyaoqiunenglizhibiaofenweizhuanyesuyangnenglihezonghesuyangnenglilianglei,goujianqijiyuobede“zhuanyehexinke”+“kuazhuanyexuanxiukechengzu”+“‘wugeyi’gongchengshijianpingtai”+“biyelunwen/shejishuangguihuanjie”dekechengtixi,rangxueshengdedaofuhenengli、ruannengli、gongjiangnengli、yanjiuyingyongnenglihequanzhibiaodachengnenglidequanmianxuexiheduanlian。guangdianzhuanyedeyouxiaotansuo,weiwenkezhuanyetigonglekejiejianketuiguangdegaigejingyan。

  diaozhengyouhua kechengchuangxin xuexiaochutai《wuchangshouyixueyuanyiliubenkekechengfudecaipiaowangzhanshishifangan》,tuijinyiliukechengfudecaipiaowangzhan。gezhuanyejiyuobelinian,yijuyiliukechengfudecaipiaowangzhanfangan,jiehekechengtedian,tansuokechengfudecaipiaowangzhan。

  chengjianxueyuananzhao“yixueshengweizhongxin、yinengliweidaoxiang”fenpikaizhanobeshifankechengfudecaipiaowangzhan,jingyanzaiquanxiaotuiguang。chengjianxueyuanzhidinglefudecaipiaowangzhanguifan,35menkechengzaiguifanzhidaoxia,chongfenjiehekechengtedian,congxueshengnenglipeiyangdejiaodu,shouxianmingquekechengmubiao,duikechengneirongjinxingdiaozheng、zhenghehegengxin。tongshi,jiaoshizaijiaoxueshejizhongzhuzhongkechengjiegouyuzhishidexitongxing,chulihaoyuxiangguankechengdeguanxi,zhuzhongpeiyangxueshengchulifuzagongchengwentidenenglihe“ruannengli”。jiaoxueshishizhong,congxueshengzhongxinjiaoduchufa,chuangxinyouhuajiaoxueshouduan,zengjiaxinxihuajiaoxuefangfayingyong。kechengkaohezecongnenglidaoxiangchufa,zhuzhongjiaoxuequanguochengpingjia,duikaohefangshi、neirong、pingjiabiaozhunjinxinggaigehechuangxin。

  jiyutuijinketangjiaoxuegaigedexuqiu,xuexiaoyinjin“chaoxingyipingsanduanzhihuijiaoxuexitong”“zhihuishu”“lanmoyun”“lizhijun”“xiaoyoubang”dengxinxihuajiaoxuepingtai,gulijiaoshijiangobekechengjiaoxueyuxinxihuajiaoxueyoujironghe,jinyibutishengjiaoxuexiaoguo。xinxihuajiaoxuepingtaishiyongjingyandejilei,weiyiqingfangkongqijianxianshangjiaoxuedepingwenyunxingtigonglejichu。

  weijinyibuqianghuashijianjiaoxue,xuexiaoyixiaoqihezuoyurenweiqianyin,tisheng“shuangshixing”jiaoshibili,xianyou“shuangshixing”jiaoshizhanziyoujiaoshibiliyu30%。

  guanlishengji xinxizhuli xuexiaozizhuyanfaobexiangguangongnengxitongduijiejiaowuxitong,duijiaowuguanlixitongjinxinggaizaoshengji,congxinxihuaguanlifangmianbaozhengobegongzuokechixuxingtuijin,shixianleobekechengdachengdupingjia、zhuanyebiyeyaoqiudachengdupingjia、xueshengbiyeyaoqiudachengdupingjiadeng3gezhuyaogongzuohuanjiedexinxihuachuli。

  深化理念落实 创新改革成果丰硕

  4nianlai,weirao“youhuaxuekezhuanyejiegouherencaipeiyangjizhi,peiyanggaosuzhibenkeyingyongxingrencai”zhuti,xuexiaojianchi“yixueshengweizhongxin,yichanchuweidaoxiang”,buduanyouhuarencaipeiyangjizhi,jiang“chixugaijin”delinianrongrudaogexiangjiaoyujiaoxuegaigehefudecaipiaowangzhangongzuozhong,qudelefengshuochengguo。

  jiaoyujiaoxuelinianfashengzhongdazhuanbian 4niangaigeshijian,xuexiaoyizhubujianliqi“xueshengzhongxin、chengguodaoxiang、chixugaijin”deobemoshijiaoxuelinian,bingkaishiyizheizhonglinianyindaohecujinzhuanyefudecaipiaowangzhanhejiaoxuegaige,baozhanghetigaorencaipeiyangzhiliang。jiaoxuetixishejiyouzhiqiande“xuekedaoxiang”zhuanbianwei“chanchudaoxiang”,ketangjiaoxueyouzhiqiande“pianzhongxingchengxingpingjia”zhuanbianwei“pianzhongguochengxingpingjia”,zhiliangkongzhiyouzhiqiande“pianzhongchazhaowenti”zhuanbianwei“pianzhongwentidaoxiangxiadechixugaijin”。

  oberencaipeiyangtixichubuxingcheng 32geputongbenkezhuanye、9gexiaoqihezuozhuanye(ban),anzhaoobemoshininglianpeiyangmubiaoyuzhuanyebiyeyaoqiu,goujianzhuanyebiyeyaoqiu、biyeyaoqiuzhibiaodianyuxiangguanjiaoxuehuanjieguanlianjuzhen,nenglidaoxiangdebenkerencaipeiyangtixichubuxingcheng。xinbanrencaipeiyangfanganchongfenrongru“xueshengzhongxin、chanchudaoxiang、chixugaijin”dexianjinlinian,jingzhunduibiao《putonggaodengxuexiaobenkezhuanyeleijiaoxuezhiliangguojiabiaozhun》,guangfanzhengqiuyongrendanwei、tongxing、xiaoyoujizaixiaoxueshengdeyijian,mianxiangxuqiu,tiejinxuesheng。anzhao“hangshililunjichu,qianghuashijianhuanjie,tuchuzhuanyetese,zhuzhongyincaishijiao”deyuanze,goujianleyinengliweidaoxiangdekechengmokuai,jinmiduijieshehuishijixuqiudeshijianjiaoxuemokuai,shixianlezhuanyeyuxingyeduijie、kechengneirongyuzhiyebiaozhunduijie、jiaoxueguochengyushengchanguochengduijie。

  zhuanyefudecaipiaowangzhanqudezhongdatupo obegaigeyouxiaocujinzhuanyefudecaipiaowangzhan,shoupishidianzhuanyezaizhuanyefudecaipiaowangzhanshangqudezhongdatupo。jixiedianzigongchengzhuanyeruxuanshoupiyiliubenkezhuanye“shuangwanjihua”guojiajibiefudecaipiaowangzhandian,hubeishengminbangaoxiaozhongjinyougaixiaoruxuan,guangbodianshixuezhuanye、tumugongchengzhuanyeruxuanhubeishengjiyiliubenkezhuanyefudecaipiaowangzhandian。ronghexinwenxuexiliekechengjiaoxuetuandui、tumugongchenglixue—jiegou—shigonghexinkechengjiaoxuetuanduihejixieshejiyuzhizaoxiliekechengjiaoxuetuanduironghuo“hubeishengjijiaoxuetuandui”rongyuchenghao,shichangyingxiaoxibeipingdingwei“youxiujicengjiaoxuezuzhi”。jidianxueyuan《jiyu“obemoshi”dexiaoqigongjiangongyingxingongkezhuanyexietongyurenjizhitansuoyushijian》shunlitongguoxingongkeyanjiuyushijianxiangmuhubeishengpingshen,jinruguojialinxuanjieduan。

  jiaoyanjiaogaichengxiaoxianzhu xinzengshengjijiaoyanxiangmu15xiang,huopixiangmushuliangheshenbaochenggonglvweijutongleiyuanxiaobangshou。xinzengshengjijiaoxuechengguojiangerdengjiang1xiang、sandengjiang2xiang、shengji“zhilianggongcheng”xiangmu5xiang。zaihubeishengshoujiehunheshikechengjiaoxuedasaizhongronghuosandengjiang1xiang,hubeishengminbangaoxiaojinkejiaoxuedasaizhongronghuoyidengjiang1xiang、erdengjiang1xiang。

  xinxihuajiaoxueguanlirijianchengshu “zhihuishu”“chaoxing”“lanmoyun”“lizhijun”“xiaoyoubang”dengxinxihuajiaoxuepingtaideshiyong,chongfendiaodonglexueshengxuexijijixing,jiaoshixinxihuajiaoxueshuipinghexueshengxuexihuodeganjunyoumingxiantisheng。jiaoxueguanlishixianxinxihua、jingxihua。

  rencaipeiyangzhiliangshijiaoxuezhiliangdezhijietixian。wuchangshouyixueyuanlianxu15nianchanlianquanguotongleiyuanxiaopaixingbangshou,biyeshengzhiliangguangshoushehuiheyongrendanweirenke,pingjunjiuyelv96.8%,bufengongkezhuanyequanbujiuye;kaoyanlv20%,bufenzhuanyekaoyanlvda70%;3600yumingxuezizaigeleixuekejingsaizhonghuojiang;yingyuzhuanyezhuansiyicixingtongguolvgaoda80.43%,gaochuquanguopingjunshuiping31.89gebaifendian;zaiguojiasifakaoshizhong,faxuezhuanyexueshenglianxushunianyicixingtongguolvchaoyue40%,yuquanguogaoxiaotongguolv20%biaozhun。

  weilai,wuchangshouyixueyuanjiangjixuyixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweiyinling,shenruguanchequanguo、quanshengjiaoyudahuijingshen,weiraobanhaorenminmanyidejiaoyuzheiyimubiao,jianchilideshuren,jixushenhuajiaoyujiaoxuegaige,buduantansuochuangxinrencaipeiyangmoshijizhi,zaichuangbantesexianmingdegaoshuipingyingyongxingdaxuededaolushangdiliqianxing。

  (zhao ying)

编辑: 郑鑫

图片新闻

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